Currently, Android devices run on three types of processors: ARM, Intel, and MIPS. ARM is undoubtedly the most widely used. Intel is well known for its popularity on desktops and servers, however, it has a relatively little impact on the mobile industry. MIPS has a long history in the 32-bit and 64-bit embedded fields and has achieved a lot of success, but the adoption rate for Android devices is currently the lowest among the three.
The current performance of ARM-based CPUs is difficult to apply at the PC desktop level, mainly because the performance cannot catch up with the current PC x86 (Intel-based) processor. However, ARM says its next processors will outperform Intel laptop chips.
ARM describes the roadmap with the internal code of the two CPU architectures and the goals of the process. In 2019, ARM will introduce a CPU architecture code-named Deimos with a goal of a 7-nm process. By 2020, the new CPU architecture codenamed Hercules is expected to offer both 7nm and 5nm process nodes. Obviously, this is only the goal of ARM. The real product still depends on the production technology of the chip foundry, but ARM is confident.
With the release of the Cortex-A76 architecture, ARM has made a huge leap in mobile CPU performance. ARM claims in the circuit diagram that its own Cortex-A76-based CPU core is comparable to the Intel Core i5-7300U processor in terms of single-threaded performance. But what’s really amazing is that this chip based on the Cortex-A76 architecture designed for laptops can achieve this level of performance with less than 5W per core, compared to 15W for Intel core notebooks.
ARM Vs Intel CPU – Long Lost Battle
ARM compared its Cortex-A76 chip directly to Intel’s Core processor, showing a significantly higher performance growth rate compared to Intel’s i5 processor. “ARM’s vision is very focused on how we can drive notebook performance from mobile innovation bases, and how we will work with foundry partners to achieve this performance in today’s and tomorrow’s leading processes,” Ian Smythe, Senior Director, Marketing, ARM Say. Looking ahead, ARM plans to introduce its “Deimos” and “Hercules” processors, which are manufactured in 7nm and 5nm processes respectively. From its published chart, ARM believes that their performance will exceed Intel’s i5 processor.
So far, ARM has partnered with Microsoft and Google to launch ARM-based Windows and Chromebook devices. However, the popularity of ARM-based notebooks has been slow to date, and OEMs have chosen to use Intel processors when choosing to build mid- to high-end devices. As the first Cortex A76 devices begin shipping in the next few months, ARM’s performance in the big screen device market will be revealed.
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DC works as a technology analyst in a research and advisory firm specializing in automotive, energy, electronics, and semiconductors domain. When he's not working, he loves gaming on his modest pc build, loves sci-fi films, and big pop culture geek!